Kibera - The Shadow City
2008 marked the first time in human history that the majority of the world’s population will live in cities. At the same time, the number of people living in urban slums is passing the one billion mark, about every third person living in a city. The United Nations projects the world’s urban population to grow by 2 billion before 2030. More than 90% of this growth will take place in the least developed countries, and will be concentrated in the bleakest parts of the city - human settlements known as slums. The Kibera slum is located 5 kilometers southwest of Nairobi city centre and is the same size as Manhattan's Central Park. With one million people it holds more than a quarter of Nairobi's population.